Colposcopy is the procedure, which involves using a colpscope, a special instrument with the telescopic camera at the end, which uses to look into the vagina and cervix to examine abnormalities. This technique, provides large, more detailed view.

Why it is necessary

Colposcopy considered to be necessary procedure, if the patient experiencing following conditions:

  • If there is abnormal change in cervix cells after performing PAP test

  • Inflammation on the cervix

  • Pain

  • After hysterectomy


Description of the procedure


The duration of this procedure is approximately 45 min. Your doctor will ask you to lie on your back and your legs might be raised and supported in stirrups. Then, you doctor will use a speculum, a tool that uses to hold the walls of the vagina and clean the surface of your cervix with a mild vinegar solution and might paint it with iodine, an antiseptic that turns healthy cells brown. Your doctor will then place the colposcope just outside the entrance to your vagina and look for any areas of the cervix that are abnormal. If required, your doctor will do a small biopsy of the cell for further testing as it will be send to the laboratory straight after the procedure. You may experience a small pinch and short discomfort when biopsy will be taken.


What to expect after the procedure?

After the procedure, most women will be fine, however if you experience pain, your doctor will advise to take medication to reduce the pain. Your doctor will talk with you about the any issues detected during the procedure and when to come back for the second check-up.


What are the risks?

  During the procedure the following risks maybe associated with:

  • Infection

  • Fever or bleeding


You should seek immediate doctor’s advice, if you experience heavy bleeding, fever, nausea or vomiting.